Shanghai Bike Break: Arend Vermazeren CC BY 2.0
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/deed.en, photo cropped
China has the largest population of any country in the world. The development of BRICS countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) has accelerated the need for resources. Danbisa Moyo has studied China's acquistion of resources over the world in her book Winner Take All.
Here are some brief facts about China and Energy.
Country Analysis Brief Overview
- China is the world's most populous country and the largest energy consumer in the world. Rapidly increasing energy demand has made China extremely influential in world energy markets.
- China is the world's second-largest consumer of oil behind the United States, and the second-largest net importer of oil as of 2009.
- China's largest oil fields are mature and production has peaked, leading companies to focus on developing largely untapped reserves in the western interior provinces and offshore fields.
- Although natural gas use is rapidly increasing in China, the fuel comprised less than 4 percent of the country's total primary energy consumption in 2009.
- China is the largest producer and consumer of coal in the world, and accounts for almost half of the world's coal consumption.
- China's electricity generation continues to be dominated by fossil fuel sources, particularly coal. The Chinese government has made the expansion of natural gas-fired and renewable power plants as well as electricity transmission a priority.
- The Three Gorges Dam hydroelectric facility, the largest hydroelectric project in the world, started operations in 2003 and completed construction in 2012.
September 4, 2012
EIA: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Independent Statistics & Analysis