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Introduction to "The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation"   Tags: alta, bluebook, law review, legal citation, legal writing  

Last Updated: Oct 17, 2017 URL: Print Guide RSS UpdatesEmail Alerts

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Quick References

Author Names
General Rules.........................R16.2
Institutional Abbreviations.............T6
Geographical Terms....................T10


Typeface Conventions

Author name in regular typeface regardless of placement.


General Rules for Author Names

The author is indicated at the beginning of the citation in regular typeface. Some general rules are given below:

Individual Author - Give the author's full name as it appears on the publication, including any suffix such as "Jr." but omitting titles such as "Dr." or "Prof."

Two Authors - List the authors' names in the order they appear on the title page, separated by an ampersand

More than Two AuthorsEither use the first author's name followed by "et al." or list all of the names.

Institutional Authors - Include the institution's full name, abbreviating according to Table 6 and Table 10 if the result is unambiguous.

Individual on Behalf of Institution - Use the individual's name and then the institution's name, separated by a comma.


Author Abbreviations

What should you abbreviate when naming an author?

  • Words in Table 6 and Rule 10.2.1(c)
  • Geographic regions in Table 10
  • Common acronyms in Rule 6.1(b) (e.g. NAACP, FCC)


If no author is given, simply omit the author information, beginning the cite with the article title in italics.


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